The Face of the Moon

Table of Contents

Credits

Introduction

A Note on Illustrations and Terminology

1. Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642). Sidereus nuncius. -- Venice: apud Thomam Baglionum, 1610.

2. Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642). Sidereus nuncius . -- Frankfurt: in Paltheniano, 1610.

3. Schyrleus de Rheita, Antonius Maria (1597-1660). Oculus Enoch et Eliae, sive Radius sidereomysticus . -- Antwerp: Ex officina typographica Hieronymi Verdussii, 1645.

4. Fontana, Francesco (1602-1656). Novae coelestium terrestriumq[ue] rerum observationes . -- Naples: apud Gaffarum, 1646.

5. Hevelius, Johannes (1611-1687). Selenographia: sive, Lunae descriptio . -- Gdansk: Autoris sumtibus, 1647.

6. Divini, Eustachio (1610-1685). "Lunae facies," plate 19 in: Guericke, Otto von . Experimenta nova . -- Amsterdam: apud J. Janssonium a Waesberge, 1672.

7. Riccioli, Giovanni Battista (1598-1671). Almagestum nouum . -- Bologna: ex typographia haeredis Victorij Benatij, 1651.

8. Hooke, Robert (1635-1703). Micrographia . -- London: Printed by Jo. Martyn and Ja. Allestry, 1665.

9. Cassini, Giovanni Domenico (1625-1712). "Table pour le moyenne Libration & les Pleines Lunes," facing p. 140 in: Keill, John . Institutions astronomiques . -- Paris: Chez Hippolyte-Louis Guerin, & Jacques Guerin, 1746

10. Eimmart, Georg Christoph (1638-1705). "Genuina Corporis Lunaris Facies," plate 1 at p. 40 in: Zahn, Johann . Specula physico-mathematico-historica , vol. 1. -- Nuremberg: sumptibus Joannis Christophori Lochner, 1696.

11. Bianchini, Francesco (1662-1729). Hesperi et Phosphori nova phaenomena sive Observationes circa planetam Veneris . -- Rome: Apud Joannem Mariam Salvioni, 1728.

12. Mayer, Tobias (1723-1762). Bericht von den Mondskugeln . -- Nuremberg: Zu finden in der Hom nnischen Officin, 1750.

13. Mayer, Tobias (1723-1762). Opera inedita . -- Göttingen: Johann. Christian. Dieterich, 1775.

14. Schröter, Johann Hieronymus (1745-1816). Selenotopographische Fragmente sur genauern Kenntniss der Mondfl che [vol. 1]. -- Lilienthal: auf Kosten des Verfassers, 1791.

15. Lohrmann, Wilhelm Gotthelf (1796-1840). Topographie der sichtbaren Mondoberflaeche . -- Dresden: Auf Kosten des Verfassers, 1824.

16. Beer, Wilhelm (1797-1850); and Mädler, Johann Heinrich (1794-1874). Mappa selenographica . -- Berlin: Apud Simon Schropp & Soc., 1834.

17. Schmidt, Johann Friedrich Julius (1825-1884). Der Mond . -- Leipzig: Verlag von Joh. Ambr. Barth, 1856.

18. De La Rue, Warren (1815-1889). "On a photo-engraving of a lunar photograph," in: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , vol. 25, p. 172 and plate. -- London, 1865.

19. Rutherfurd, Lewis Morris (1816-1892). "Third Quarter, Sept. 16, 1870," [lunar photograph] facing p. 230 in: Proctor, Richard A . The Moon . -- New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1873.

20. Nasmyth, James Hall (1808-1890); and Carpenter, James (1840-1899). The Moon : Considered as a Planet, a World, and a Satellite. -- Second edition. -- London: John Murray, 1874.

21. Nevill, Edmund Neville (1851-1940). The Moon and the Condition and Configurations of its Surface / by Edmund Neison. -- London: Longmans, Green, 1876.

22. Schmidt, Johann Friedrich Julius (1825-1884). Charte der Gebirge des Mondes . -- Berlin: In Commission bei Dietrich Reimer, 1878.

23. Lohrmann, Wilhelm Gotthelf (1796-1840). Mondkarte in 25 Sectionen und 2 Erl uterungstafeln / Herausgegeben von Dr. J.F.Julius Schmidt. -- Leipzig: Verlag von Johann Ambrosius Barth (Arthur Meiner), 1892.

24. Selenographical Journal. A monthly bulletin of the Selenographical Society . vol. 1-5, April 1878 - December 1882. -- London: Warren Hall & James J. Lovitt, 1879-1883.

25. Mayer, Tobias (1723-1762). Tobias Mayer's grössere Mondkarte nebst Detailzeichnungen . -- Göttingen: Univ.-buchdr. von E.A. Huth, 1881.

26. Weinek, Ladislaus (1848-1913). "Selenographical Studies, based on negatives of the Moon taken at the Lick Observatory," in: Publications of the Lick Observatory , vol. 3, pp. [v-viii], 1-130. -- Sacramento: State Office, 1894.

27. Krieger, Johann Nepomuk (1865-1902). Mond-Atlas. -- Neue Folge . -- Vienna: In Kommission bei Eduard Heinrich Mayer, 1912.

28. Lick Observatory . Observatory Atlas of the Moon . -- [Sacramento?]: Published by the gift of W.W. Law, 1896-1897.

29. Observatoire de Paris . Atlas Photographique de la Lune / Ex cut par M. M[aurice] Loewy et M. P[ierre Henri] Puiseux. -- Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1896-1909.

30. Weinek, Ladislaus (1848-1913). Photographischer Mond-Atlas, vornehmlich auf Grund von focalen Negativen der Lick-Sterwarte in Massstabe eines Monddurchmessers von 10 Fuss ausgef hrt . -- Prague: Verlag von Carl Bellmann, 1897-1900.

31. Ritchey, George Willis (1864-1945). "Celestial photography with the 40-inch visual telescope of the Yerkes Observatory," in: The Astrophysical Journal , vol. 12, pp. 352-360 and plate XXI, "Lunar Crater Theophilus and Surrounding Region." -- Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1900.

32. Pickering, William Henry (1858-1938). The Moon : A Summary of the Existing Knowledge of our Satellite . -- New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1903.

33. Fauth, Philipp (1867-1941). Astronomische Beobachtungen und Resultate . -- Kaiserslautern: Aug. Gotthold's Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1893-1895.

34. Elger, Thomas Gwyn (1838-1897). The Moon: A full Description and Map of its Principal Physical Features . -- London: George Philip & son, 1895.

35. Goodacre, Walter (1856-1938). A Map of the Moon in XXV Sections . -- London: Published by W. Goodacre, 1910.

36. Fauth, Philipp (1867-1941). Neue Mondkarten und neue Grundlagen einer Mondkunde auf 16 Tafeln . -- Gr nwald bei M nchen: Philipp Fauth, 1932.

37. Pease, Francis (1881-1938). "Photograph of [lunar] Surface," facing p. 315 in: Goodacre, Walter . The Moon, With a Description of its Surface Formations . -- Bournemouth [Eng.]: Published by the author, 1931.

38. Kuiper, Gerard Peter , ed. (1905-1973). Photographic Lunar Atlas . -- Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1960.

39. Lunar Chart: Mare Humorum . -- St. Louis: Published for United States Air Force, 1962. (Lunar Charts and Mosaics, LAC (series)-93)

40. Jet Propulsion Laboratory . Ranger IX Photographs of the Moon : Cameras "A," "B" and "P" . -- Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1966. (NASA SP (series)-112)

41. Ranger IX Lunar Chart: Alphonsus . -- St. Louis: United States Air Force, 1966. (Lunar Charts and Mosaics, RLC (series)-14)

42. Lunar Chart: Arago . -- St. Louis: United States Air Force, 1966. (Lunar Charts and Mosaics, AIC (series) 60 C)

43. Kosofsky, L.J; and El-Baz, Farouk . The Moon as Viewed by Lunar Orbiter . -- Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970. (NASA SP (series)-200)

44. Carr, M.H; Howard, K.A.; and El-Baz, Farouk . Geologic Maps of the Apennine-Hadley Region of the Moon: Appolo 15 Pre-Mission Maps . -- Washington, D.C.: Published by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1971. (Miscellaneous Investigations, Map I-723)

45. Masursky, Harold; Colton, G.W. and ; El-Baz, Farouk , eds. Apollo Over the Moon: A View from Orbit . -- Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1978. (NASA SP (series)-362)

image - click to enlarge

Several lunar features are quite recognizable in this engraving, the second in the series, based on a sketch made on December 3, 1609. The mountains east of Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) form the ring at the top, and the sizable crater at the bottom is probably Albategnius, here quite a bit larger than life, and undoubtedly conveying by its grandeur the impression it made on Galileo's mind.

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